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COP27 is underway in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt

All you need to know about COP27


The UN Climate Conference aka COP27 is being held this year in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt from 6-18 November. The conference will take place in two zones; the Blue Zone and the Green Zone, as is customary.

This year marks the 27th annual summit. The main event will be held at the Sharm el-Sheikh International Convention Centre.


Blue Zone which is under UN management will be used for negotiations. All participants must be credited from the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Secretariat to enter the Blue Zone.

It will have 156 pavilions this year, twice as many as there were in Glasgow. There will be representation from numerous UN organizations, nations, and regions, as well as the debut of youth and an agrifood pavilion.

The Egyptian government will be overseeing the Green Zone. It will be accessible to registered members of the public. Events, exhibitions, workshops, & talks will be included to encourage awareness, education, & commitment regarding climate action.

The Green Zone will provide a platform for the business community, youth, civil and indigenous societies, academia, artists, and fashion communities from all over the world to express themselves. It will also include a special “protest zone.”

Objectives of COP27


Changing Climate Mitigation” refers to measures taken to lessen or stop the emission of greenhouse gases. Utilizing cutting-edge technology and renewable energy sources are examples of mitigation.

Likewise, upgrading older equipment to be more energy efficient, or altering management procedures or consumer behavior are also some examples.

At COP27, countries will be urged to outline how they intend to carry out the Glasgow Pact‘s call, develop a work schedule for mitigating climate change, and review their climate plans.


One of the objectives of COP27 will be to evaluate how nations have been adapting and supporting others in doing the same. Climate change could indicate a higher chance of fires, floods, droughts, hotter or colder days, or an increase in sea level.

Climate Finance

At COP27, climate finance will once again be a major topic. Numerous financial-related discussions are already scheduled. Developing nations are urging developed nations to guarantee sufficient & adequate financial support, especially to the most vulnerable.

Affluent countries pledged to provide this financing in Copenhagen in 2009, but official reports indicate that this goal is still being missed. According to experts, COP27 will finally fulfill this commitment in 2023.

‘Loss and Damage’ issue

The argument for compensation from developing countries, which are frequently the most impacted, is also on agenda. The climate change-vulnerable countries argue that the increase in greenhouse gas emissions is to blame for the intensification of natural disasters.

Rich industrialized countries are primarily responsible for the increase in greenhouse gas emissions. Extreme weather conditions brought on by climate change, like desertification, tropical cyclones, & rising sea levels, cost nations a lot of money to repair.

Denmark made headlines during the most recent UN General Assembly high-level week after it was the first nation to declare that it would donate $13 million to developing nations that had suffered harm from climate change.

Participants of COP27

Over 30,000 individuals from governments, corporations, non-governmental organizations, and civil society organizations have registered to attend.

In order to negotiate, the 197 Parties to the UNFCCC treaty frequently form groups or “blocs,” such as the G77 and China, the Africa Group, the Least Developed Countries, the Umbrella Forum, the Small Island Developing States, and the Independent Alliance of Latin America and the Caribbean.

Observers are also present during the negotiations. Agencies of the United Nations, intergovernmental organizations, NGOs, faith-based organizations, and the media are among the observers.

In addition to the formal negotiations, there will also be conference rooms, a pavilion area, and side events spread across themed days.