Tashkent, 21 June 2022 (TDI): The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Shavkat Mirziyoyev held a meeting with members of the Constitutional Commission of Uzbekistan on June 20.
During the meeting, the President stated that the Constitution of the country was a definite legal basis for all the triumphs acquired in the years of Independence.
Likewise, life does not stand still, and the worldview of the people was transforming. He shared that in recent years, citizens have expressed many opinions about improving the Constitution.
The #President held a meeting with members of the Constitutional Commission. In his speech Shavkat #Mirziyoyev presented a vision of the updated Constitution.#constitutionalreform #proposals #referendum pic.twitter.com/mFMYcSnJ5R
— Shavkat Mirziyoyev’s Press-service (@president_uz) June 20, 2022
Along these lines, in May 2022, the Kengashes of the Chambers of the Oliy Majlis established the Constitutional Commission. Over the past month, the Commission received 48,492 recommendations from the citizens.
President Mirziyoyev lauded the activity of his compatriots and their sense of belonging to the future of Uzbekistan along with expressing his vision of constitutional reforms.
He stated that the revised Constitution ought to form a “solid legal basis and a reliable guarantee of long-term development strategies for our country, in general, its future prosperity, and tomorrow’s prosperous life for our people.”
He went on to say that, “having deeply embedded in the content of our Constitution the idea in the name of the honor and dignity of a person & the approach Man-Society-State, we need to turn them into the main value of our daily life.
In his speech, the President of Uzbekistan focused on four priority areas and made proposals for each of them. Firstly, a person, his life, freedom and dignity, inviolable rights, and interests are indicated.
In this context, the Uzbek President stated that the elevation of human dignity must be a constitutional responsibility and the main task of public authorities. These precepts should clearly be reflected in the updated Constitution along with finding an ideal legal solution.
Accentuating that the right to life is an inviolable right of every individual, the President in his address proposed to introduce into the Constitution a provision that “the death penalty is prohibited in Uzbekistan”.
He also noted that it was essential to unquestionably declare in the Constitution that a person’s criminal record as well as the legal consequences arising from it cannot be a rationale for denying the rights of his relatives.
In addition to that, the matter of boosting the constitutional foundations for the benevolent treatment of individuals denied their liberty was also touched upon by the President.
Aside from that, whence evaluating cases of civil, administrative, economic, and criminal liability as well as other realms, the criteria of legal impact applied to an individual ought to suffice in achieving a legitimate objective.
In the Second Direction, it was proposed by the President to enshrine in the Constitution the vision of “Uzbekistan is a Social State“.
He reiterated that decent living conditions were created in a welfare state for all without exception. Hence, a reflection of the Basic Law in terms of obligations of the state to provide the population with housing, and strengthen the economic and spiritual foundations of the family, was paramount.
In the same vein, creating all conditions to ensure the interests as well as the full development of children, supporting people with disabilities, and protecting human health and the environment comes in the same category.
“In a word, the care of the state for men and women, families and children, youth and the elderly, persons with disabilities, all people, whether in the country or abroad, should be enshrined in the Constitution,” Shavkat Mirziyoyev enunciated.
The Third Direction, as per the Uzbek President was to clearly illustrate in the Constitution the standing of the mahalla as well as the responsibilities of state bodies in the process of exchange with it.
Furthermore, he also proposed to evaluate the tenet that the mahalla was not part of the system of state authorities, and can independently determine issues of local significance on the ground, along with receiving support from the state for these goals.
The Fourth Direction given by the President was the advancement of public administration and the strengthening of democracy. In this regard, he shared the aim of building a democratic state living on the concerns of the people.
The control of people over state power will be established. President Mirziyoyev proposed to introduce constitutional norms that assure transparency, openness, and accountability in the actions of state bodies.
Therefore, recommendations were put forth to boost the powers of the Oliy Majlis to establish a government and guarantee its adequate functioning.
He also emphasized that the time had come to exclude the provision that Khokims simultaneously head the councils of people’s deputies, from the Constitution.
Further, he proposed introducing the institution of creating legislative proposals into the Constitution. According to this provision, a group of at least 100,000 nationals will be able to propose their legislative suggestions to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis.
The need of augmenting the powers of the Government and depicting in the Constitution the duty of the Cabinet of Ministers and Khokimiyats on youth, environmental issues, family support, development of public transport, social protection of persons with disabilities, support of civil society institutions, and creation of conditions for recreation of the population, was also highlighted.
The significance of revamping and enhancing the conceptual and legal framework of Uzbekistan’s foreign policy was also deliberated upon, taking into account the basic global changes.
At the same time, the President reiterated that the Deputies of the Legislative Chamber will thereafter submit the proposals outlined by the Constitutional Commission as a legislative endeavor to the lower house of parliament.
They will be debated in detail in Parliament to prepare a draft of the updated Constitution. According to the existing legislation, the Parliament has the authority to independently amend the Constitution.
Regardless, the President proposed to view the draft Constitution at a national discussion and embrace it by referendum. He pointed out that if a constitutional reform based on the opinions and support of the citizens, were to be carried out via a referendum, it will be a true expression of the will of the people.
In this context, the President urged all compatriots to take an enthusiastic part in the process of constitutional reform. He expressed that the main goal was to ensure stability in society as well as the progressive development of the country.
For that, he called on all the people to unite and show solidarity in accomplishing this great goal. The meeting continued with an open exchange of views.
The members of the Constitutional Commission communicated their opinion on the recommendations of the population as well as the need for reforms.