Baku, 30 August 2022 (TDI): The Minister of Foreign Affairs (MFA) of Azerbaijan asked for international pressure on Armenia to fulfill its lawful obligations regarding the missing Azerbaijani people.

The Minister of Azerbaijan gave a reminder on the International Day of the Disappeared which is observed on August 30. It is to raise awareness that enforced disappearance is a crime and should not be used as a tool to deal with situations of conflict.

The MFA mentioned the 3890 Azerbaijanis who went missing due to the aggression by Armenia. The people disappeared three decades ago and there is no knowledge of their existence. The minister urged the international community to pressurize Armenia in following international law.

The former Soviet republics have had tense relationships between them since 1991. The same year, the Armenian military occupied the territory of Karabakh. Karabakh is an internationally recognized Azerbaijani territory.

Azerbaijan and Armenia war

Nagorno-Karabakh is a contested region between Azerbaijan and Armenia since the 1920s. The majority population of the area is ethnically Armenian but resides in Azerbaijan. When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, war broke out between the two newly independent states.

As a result of the war, nearly 30,000 causalities occurred and hundreds of thousands of refugees were misplaced. By 1993, Armenia took control of Nagorno-Karabakh and captured 20% of the area around Azerbaijan. In 1994, Russia brokered a cease-fire between the states.

Hundreds of people died as a result of artillery fire and small-scale clashes between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces. The most violent combat that occurred in early April 2016 claimed dozens of lives and left over three hundred more injured. The two sides declared that they had reached an agreement on a new cease-fire after four days of fighting.

The continuous war resulted in the disappearance of thousands of people attacked by the Armenian military in the Azerbaijani region. In 2020, both countries fought once again for 44 days before a truce was negotiated by Russia. Throughout the conflict, Azerbaijan liberated a number of towns as well as almost 300 communities and villages.

Also read: Azerbaijan and Armenia pledge to work for peace