Geneva, 27 July 2022 (TDI): The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) will host a virtual commemoration of the International Day of World’s Indigenous People on Tuesday, August 9, 2022, from 9 a.m. to 11 a.m. (EST).

On 27 July 2022, the UN Geneva stated that the states must take measures for indigenous women and children, to provide them protection, freedom, and guarantee against any kind of violence.

The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA), during the resolution 49/214, held on 23 December 1994 decided that the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples would be observed annually on 9 August.

It commemorated the first session of the Working Group on Indigenous Populations in 1982. The theme for this year will be “the Role of Indigenous Women in the Preservation and Transmission of Traditional Knowledge.” Indigenous Peoples, UN entities, civil society, and the general public are all invited.

United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

The UN Human Rights Council’s recommendation was contained in Resolution 1/2 of June 29, 2006, by which the Council adopted the text of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

The United Nations General Assembly adopted the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) on September 13, 2007, with a vote of 144 states in favor.

On 27 July 2022, the United Nations Geneva committee supports indigenous rights and raised questions about the lack of facilities for them.

UN declared that states must take measures to ensure that indigenous women and children enjoy the protection and guarantees against any kind of violence and discrimination.

The United Nations General Assembly conducted the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter, and good faith in the fulfillment of the obligations assumed by states following the Charter.

The UN General Assembly affirmed that the indigenous people are also equal to other people and must be recognized for their rights and freedom. 46 articles cover the indigenous people’s rights, recognition, and reaffirmations.

Indigenous Women’s Role in the Transmission of Traditional Knowledge

Indigenous peoples are widely acknowledged to be among the world’s most weak, disadvantaged, and marginalized peoples.

They makeup about 5% of the world’s population, or simply 370 million people in 90 countries, ranging from the Arctic to the South Pacific.

Indigenous women are the foundation of indigenous communities and play an important role in the preservation and transmission of traditional ancestral knowledge.

They play an important collective and community role as natural resource supervisors and keepers of scientific knowledge.

In their communities, they serve as breadwinners, caregivers, knowledge keepers, leaders, and human rights defenders.

Indigenous women, in particular, face high levels of poverty, low education and illiteracy, obstacles to health, basic sanitation, credit, and employment, limited political participation, and domestic and sexual violence.

They frequently face intersecting forms of discrimination based on gender, class, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status.