Tehran, 26 October 2022 (TDI): Iran has successfully developed a robot named SINA as a result of a 15-year-long effort of specialists from the Tehran University of Medical Sciences at the Biomedical and Robotics Research Center.

It can be used in a variety of surgical procedures in the abdominal cavity and chest even remotely. Sina flex is a robotic surgery system that can be used for performing abdominal surgery operations in an ergonomic posture for surgeons.

It can also perform surgery remotely through the internet or other communication channels. This system has two main subsystems including a master robotic console at the surgeon’s side and a slave robotic system at the patient’s side.

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The master robots receive the surgeon’s hand movements and transmit them to the patient’s side robots that mimic the surgeon’s hand movements in a real-time manner.

Concurrently, the slave robots measure and send the robot and patient interaction forces/torques, including the pinch forces under the instrument jaws, to the surgeon’s side master robotic system.

As a result, all tool-tissue interaction forces are fed back into the hands of the surgeon. This technique provides the advantages of increased surgical accuracy and quality, fewer incisions for patients, and a more ergonomic position for surgeons.

Robotic Surgery

Robotic surgery aka robotic-assisted surgery is possibly the most cutting-edge medical technology available today.

It is the most extensively utilized contemporary method that combines a camera with the use of very small surgical tools coupled with robotic arms.

The robotic arms are controlled by a specially trained surgeon via a viewing screen, which is normally located in the same room as the operating table.

However, the viewing screen might be placed in a remote location, allowing doctors to perform telesurgery from afar.

The screen is part of a console, which allows surgeons to execute surgical procedures from a seated position while viewing a magnified three-dimensional representation of the patient’s operative site.