Beijing, 2 July 2023 (TDI): In a momentous development, the Law on Foreign Relations of the People’s Republic of China entered into force on July 1, 2023, following its approval at the Third Meeting of the Standing Committee of the 14th National People’s Congress on June 28.

China reaffirms its dedication to global peace and development, enshrining the vision of a shared future for humanity into law. Strengthening ties with Pakistan, both nations pledged to advance their all-weather strategic cooperative partnership.

General Principles

Chapter I is about general principles comprised of China’s Foreign Relations Law, which is enacted to uphold the country’s sovereignty, national security, and development interests while promoting the interests of the Chinese people.

It aims to build a modernized socialist country and achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Furthermore, the law seeks to promote world peace, development, and the creation of a community with a shared future for mankind.

Functions and Powers for the Conduct of Foreign Relations

This chapter outlines the responsibilities and powers of different bodies involved in China’s foreign relations. The central leading body for foreign affairs is responsible for policy-making, coordination, and supervision.

The National People’s Congress and its Standing Committee play a role in ratifying treaties and agreements and conducting international exchanges. The President, State Council, and other institutions, including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Central Military Commission, also have specific responsibilities in managing foreign affairs.

Goals and Mission of Conducting Foreign Relations

Chapter III explains the goals and mission of conducting foreign relations. China conducts foreign relations to uphold its socialist system, safeguard its sovereignty and territorial integrity, and promote economic and social development.

It aims to advance its foreign affairs agenda on multiple fronts, including global development, security, civilization, and environmental governance.

China supports the United Nations and multilateralism, advocates for global security and arms control, and actively participates in international humanitarian cooperation and foreign aid.
System of Foreign Relations

Chapter IV emphasizes a system of foreign relations. The State emphasizes the rule of law in domestic and foreign affairs, concluding treaties and agreements per its laws. Measures are taken to implement international obligations while safeguarding China’s sovereignty, national security, and public interests.

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China maintains the one-China principle in establishing and developing diplomatic relations with other countries and participates in global security governance, including implementing United Nations sanctions. Privileges, immunities, and protections are granted to diplomatic institutions, officials, and foreign nationals in China.

Support for the Conduct of Foreign Relations

Chapter V highlights the support for the conduct of foreign relations. China strengthens its support for the conduct of foreign relations by promoting the rule of law, engaging in international cooperation in law enforcement and judicial fields, and combating transnational crimes and corruption.

The State also focuses on protecting the rights and interests of Chinese citizens and organizations overseas and those of foreign nationals and organizations in China. Furthermore, China encourages dialogue, exchanges, and cooperation on the rule of law at both multilateral and bilateral levels.

By implementing China’s Foreign Relations Law, the country aims to protect its national interests, contribute to global peace and development, and establish mutually beneficial relationships with other nations.

Supplementary Provision

The last chapter has an article (45) that says that this Law shall come into force on July 1, 2023.