Brasilia, 15 November 2022 (TDI): Republic Day is celebrated in Brazil on November 15 every year to commemorate the establishment of the state as a republic.

This day highlights the importance of freedom, self-determination, as well as cultural identity for the people of Brazil.

On 15 November 1899, an important event occurred in Brazil’s history when the opposition successfully overthrew the Portuguese constitutional monarchy by a coup.

Brazil’s second emperor, Dom Pedro II was removed from power, and a provincial government was established. This day commemorates the country’s fight to abolish dictatorial rule leading to democracy in Brazil.

History of Republic Day

Brazil is officially known as the Federative Republic of Brazil, a country in South America. The state is the fifth largest in the world in terms of area and population.

In the past, during the European expansion, Brazil was colonized by Portugal. This is one of the reasons it is the only Portuguese-speaking country in the American region.

In 1822, Brazil adopted a constitutional monarchy when the Portuguese King Dom Pedro, I declared himself as the Emperor of Brazil.

He established an independent empire of Brazil after proclaiming independence from Portugal. The independence was recognized by Britain and Portugal later in 1825 through a treaty.

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In 1831 he was abdicated and the throne was passed to his son Dom Pedro II.
Later in time, there were a number of reasons that led to the end of his regime.

The most important was division in society. Some elite sectors formed factions against the political regime in 1870 and were fueled by decisions to abolish slavery along with positivist and republican ideas.

Brazilians fought for democracy and the day went down in history with the 1889’s coup. It is known to be the least bloody coup as there was no resistance from the public or the emperor.

The Federal Republic was then established by Field Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca, who was a military hero and a rebel to led the coup.