Baku, 16 February 2023 (TDI): Azerbaijan Foreign Ministry stated that Jeyhun Bayramov, the Foreign Minister of Azerbaijan, spoke with the United States (US) Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs, Karen Donfried.
Minister Jeyhun Bayramov noted that Azerbaijan assures the protection of citizens, vehicles, and cargo on the Lachin route under the Tripartite Declaration.
Jeyhun mentioned that Armenia still exploits the road for unlawful economic activity, troop rotations, and mine transit. He also highlighted that the protesters’ reasonable demands on Lachin road were not met.
According to Bayramov, Armenia permitted inaccuracies in the peace pact negotiations. He also denied the region’s “difficult humanitarian” condition.
The Tripartite Declaration
The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia has a long and complicated history. Moscow arranged a ceasefire between the countries.
The Tripartite Declaration, signed on November 10, 2020, was an agreement signed by the leaders of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Russia to terminate the battle over the Nagorno-Karabakh area.
The declaration demanded an immediate ceasefire, the departure of Armenian forces from the lands they had occupied throughout the 1990s, and the deployment of Russian peacekeepers to the conflict zone.
Since then, Armenia and Azerbaijan have tried to achieve a permanent peace settlement. Negotiations have been challenging due to both sides’ entrenched viewpoints and mutual distrust.
Nagorno status, Karabakh’s repatriation of displaced persons, and the border demarcation were crucial problems.
Role of the US in Peace Agreement
The US has actively promoted a durable peace settlement between the two countries. It has urged Armenia and Azerbaijan to resume talks to settle the conflict’s core issues.
It has also offered humanitarian and economic aid to the region to alleviate conflict-related hardship. Aiding displaced people, clearing mines, and restoring infrastructure are examples.
The US has also urged all parties to respect the truce and refrain from activities that could restart hostilities. It has also encouraged Armenia and Azerbaijan to exchange prisoners to improve trust.
Since then, Armenia and Azerbaijan have exchanged prisoners and restored transit lines. There are still many obstacles to a comprehensive peace settlement.