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Russia-Ukraine Crisis: recent developments and prospects


The Russia-Ukraine crisis began with Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014 and escalated into a full-scale invasion in February 2022. The crises continue to have far-reaching consequences for both countries and the broader international community. This report provides a detailed analysis of the ongoing conflict, outlining background information and recent developments.

The conflict originated from Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014. Russia then provided support for pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine, particularly in Donetsk and Luhansk. Despite diplomatic efforts such as the Minsk Accords, which aimed to establish a political resolution, tensions continued to persist.

In October 2021, these tensions intensified, setting the stage for Russia’s large-scale military invasion of Ukraine in early 2022. This marked a significant escalation of the conflict, leading to widespread devastation and human suffering. 

Current Situation 

As of April 2024, the conflict remains in a state of deadlock, with sporadic fighting continuing in eastern and southern Ukraine.

Despite Ukraine’s determined counteroffensives, Russia retains control over key territories, posing a significant obstacle to efforts aimed at restoring peace and stability to the region.

The humanitarian crisis continues to worsen, with millions of civilians facing urgent and acute needs for necessities, including food, shelter, and medical care. 

As of the latest available information, Ukraine has reclaimed 54 percent of previously occupied territory, with Russia still controlling 18 percent of Ukrainian land.

Despite Ukraine’s efforts to counter Russian forces, particularly through a revitalized southern counteroffensive, significant challenges persist. Russia has fortified defensive positions in eastern Ukraine, resulting in a prolonged conflict marked by intense urban warfare and frequent frontline skirmishes. 

Since January 2022, Ukraine has received approximately $278 billion in aid, including a substantial contribution of $75 billion from the United States, vital for sustaining defense efforts amid concerns about donor fatigue. 

International Response and Diplomatic Efforts  

The international community has condemned Russia’s actions and provided substantial support to Ukraine. The United States alone has committed nearly $40 billion in aid, including military assistance and humanitarian relief. NATO allies and other countries have imposed economic sanctions on Russia in response to its aggression. 

Efforts to negotiate a ceasefire and diplomatic resolution, notably through the Minsk Accords, have largely failed to achieve lasting peace due to Russia’s continued military escalation.

The United Nations, the European Union, and countries around the world have strongly reacted to the Russia-Ukraine conflict. They condemn Russia’s actions and most of them support Ukraine’s sovereignty.

The United States representative pointed out that Russia ignored its commitments under the Minsk agreements from 2014.

France and Germany worked hard from 2015 to 2022 to help Russia and Ukraine agree on implementing the Minsk Accords. But Russia’s decision to recognize Donetsk and Luhansk’s independence in February 2022 and invade Ukraine soon after ended these efforts.

China criticized double standards and military actions that make tensions worse. China urged NATO to focus less on military actions.

Mozambique’s representative called for a revival of the Minsk agreements. These agreements call for an immediate ceasefire and political reforms. They are important for bringing peace to the region.

Recent Developments 

Since the invasion, both Ukraine and Russia have engaged in intense military operations, resulting in significant civilian casualties, widespread displacement, and a deteriorating humanitarian situation.

The conflict has also triggered a global food crisis due to Russia’s blockade of Ukrainian ports, disrupting vital supply chains. Recent concerns have also arisen regarding the safety of Ukraine’s nuclear facilities, with fears of a potential nuclear disaster at the Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant. 

Accusations of Russia’s involvement in the deliberate destruction of critical infrastructure, including the Nova Kakhovka dam, have escalated tensions. These accusations have also complicated efforts to reach a peaceful resolution.

Internally, Russia is grappling with economic strains resulting from international sanctions and growing public discontent over the prolonged conflict. 


The Russia-Ukraine conflict remains a volatile and protracted crisis, with significant humanitarian, military, and geopolitical implications. Efforts to de-escalate the conflict in Ukraine have encountered numerous challenges.

Despite international condemnation and substantial support for Ukraine, achieving a diplomatic resolution remains difficult. The evolving dynamics of the conflict underscore the urgent need for continued international engagement. Humanitarian assistance is also needed to mitigate the suffering of civilians.


Mobilize additional resources to provide essential humanitarian assistance to affected populations, including food, water, medical supplies, and shelter. 

Intensify diplomatic engagements aimed at facilitating a ceasefire, promoting dialogue, and advancing a sustainable political resolution to the conflict. 

Also Read: Russian drones hit residential buildings in Ukraine

Sustain and expand targeted sanctions and diplomatic pressure on Russia to compel compliance with international norms and agreements. 

Enhance support for Ukraine’s defense capabilities to deter further aggression and protect its territorial integrity. 

Tehreem Ahmad
Tehreem Ahmadhttps://www.rights-revolution.com/
I'm currently studying International Relations at NUML. Along the way, I've gained lots of experience through internships and courses, which have sharpened my skills in understanding global politics and foreign policy. Right now, I'm working as a Research Fellow at The Diplomatic Insight, where I write articles and press releases. I'm also passionate about learning new things, whether it's through online courses or volunteering for causes I care about, like human rights and the environment. In the future, I hope to use my knowledge and skills to make a positive impact on global affairs.

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