New York, 4 June 2022 (TDI): Antonio Guterres gave remarks on the importance of protecting the rights of children during conflicts on the International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression.

United Nations Director-General Antonio Guterres remarked that disregarding children’s rights at times of conflict is shocking and heartbreaking. We must do everything we can to protect children from the chaos and madness of wars that have nothing to do with them. 

In addition, he emphasized that children must not be a target. Children are the most affected by war and armed conflicts.

For this purpose, United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) operates over 190 countries and war zones to save children’s lives.

children's rights
Children have physical activities in a subway station where their families have taken shelter to avoid conflict outside.

UNICEF advocates for children’s rights and fosters children in their developmental stage from early childhood to adolescence to enhance their potential.

Subsequently, the organization works closely with partners worldwide to promote policies and expand access to services that protect children.


International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression

Each year the International day of innocent children’s victims of Aggression is celebrated on 4 June.

Commemorating this day is to bring awareness of the lack of a suitable, friendly, and nurturing environment for the children, especially during the war and in conflict zones.

The geopolitical disputes and war have profound impacts on the vulnerable civilians of the country. The situation becomes dire when both parties indulge in a war against each other.

Out of all vulnerable groups, children are the most affected fraction of the consequences of war.

Consequently, the atrocious events and sociopolitical pressure coupled with non-state actors lead to violations and Aggression.

Research indicates that the recruitment and use of children in war, sexual violence, killing, attacks on schools, abduction, and denial of humanitarian access are the most common violations against children.


In August 1982, the dreadful situation of Palestinian children led to an emergency special session in the UN General Assembly. The session was appalled at the number of innocent Palestinian and Lebanese child victims of Israel’s acts of Aggression.

Furthermore, UNGA commemorated 4 June as the International Day of Children Victims of Aggressions.

Meanwhile, the annual commemoration of this day aims to acknowledge the pain suffered by the children throughout the world in physical, mental, and emotional abuse.

Guided by the Convention of the Rights of the Child, the UN commemorates this day to affirm its commitment to protecting children’s rights.

Most importantly, the Sustainable Development Agenda 2030 provides a roadmap to safeguard children under a specific target of 16.2. The target aims to cease abuse, exploitation, trafficking, torture, and other forms of violence against children.

Violations against children 

Meanwhile, violations against children in the conflict zone have drastically increased. 250 million children live in conflict zones and are exposed to the continued threat from violent extremists, armed groups, human trafficking, and sexual and mental abuse.

Therefore, the need of the time is to promote international humanitarian law to ensure accountability for such violations against children.

The ongoing war in Ukraine has threatened the lives of  7.5 million children. Presently, the country is facing an acute shortage of critical lifesaving supplies.

Nearly two hundred children have already lost their lives. On the other hand, almost thirteen thousand children lost their lives during the Syrian Civil war.

Consequently, Thousands of children are dying due to conflict-induced poverty, malnutrition, lack of sanitation, and the ailing healthcare sector.

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