Ulaanbaatar, 26 November 2022 (TDI): Today Mongolia is celebrating Republic Day to commemorate the establishment of the People’s Republic of Mongolia on 26 November 1924.
Today is the 98th anniversary of the adoption of the first constitution and the declaration of the Republic. On this day in 1924, the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party (MPRR) proclaimed Mongolia a Communist State.
On the occasion, the Chairman of the Great Khural (Parliament) of Mongolia, G. Zandanshatar, the Prime Minister of Mongolia, Luvsannamsrain Oyun-Erdene, members of Great Khural, and other state officials paid tribute to the statue of Damdin Sükhbaatar, founder of Mongolian People’s Party.
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US Ambassador to Mongolia, Richard Buangan, and other countries’ diplomatic missions to Mongolia congratulate the people of Mongolia on the Proclamation Day of the Constitutional Republic.
Republic Day history
Mongolia was ruled by Manchu’s Qing Dynasty and has been part of China until 1911. Mongolia 1911 declared independence from China, but the newly established Republic of China considered Mongolia as its territory.
Tension was raised between the two states in 1919 and Chinese troops occupied Mongolian territory once again. In 1920, Russian troops invaded and with the help of Mongols successfully push out Chinese troops from Mongolia’s territory.
This brought about the alliance between Mongolia and Soviet Russia and the Soviet’s influence in Mongolia led to the establishment of a Communist government in the country.
On 11 July 1921, declared the People’s Government of Mongolia in the country with a limited monarchy as Bogd Khan regained the throne after the Chinese defeat. From 1921 until 1924, Mogolia worked to establish a new government and constitution.
Bogd Khan, the last monarch of Mongolia died on 20 May 1924, and after his death, Mongolia’s government finalized its constitution and adopted it on 26 November.
On this day Mongolia renamed into People’s Republic of Mongolia, under the rule of the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party (MPRP), which lasted until 1990.
The fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 influenced Mongolian politics, it brought the Peaceful Democratic Revolution to the country.
Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party transformed into the Social Democratic Mongolian People’s Party. In the 1993 presidential election, the first non-communist party came up as victorious.