Mexico congratulated Chad on Independence Day

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N’Djamena, 12 August 2022 (TDI): The Secretary of Foreign Affairs of Mexico congratulated their counterparts and citizens of Chad for their Independence Day, on 11 August. Chad got its independence from France on 11 August, after a long conflict.

Chad is located in North-Central Africa and shares borders with Cameroon 1,116 km; Central African Republic 1,556 km; Libya 1,050 km; Niger 1,196 km; Nigeria 85 km; and also Sudan 1,403 km.

 CHAD CULTURAL LIFE: 

The country has fame for its rock paintings of its ancient inhabitants. These paintings can be found in the caves and rock overhangs of the Tibesti Mountains, in Gonoa, and also in Zouar.

Chad also has Terra-cotta heads and figures found at Gaou, which might be relics of the early Sao civilization. Chad also has a small music industry. Modern Chadian musicians combine Western-influenced pop with traditional songs and instruments.

One of Chad’s most popular artists is the ballad singer Clément Masdongar, who has earned popularity in the French-speaking countries of Africa.

CHAD GOVERNMENT AND SOCIETY: 

Chad is a presidential republic and the capital is N’Djamena. It has 23 provinces among which we can find Barh-El-Gazel, Batha, Borkou, Chari-Baguirmi, Ennedi-Est, and Ennedi-Ouest.

The legislative power approved the latest constitution in 2018 but was suspended in 2021. Chad has a mixed legal system of civil and customary law.

The current Chief of State is President Mahamat Idriss Deby, who assumed office as interim after the elected President died due to his injuries.

The head of government is Interim Prime Minister Albert Pahimi Padacke. The national symbols are the goat (north), and lion (south); and the national colors are blue, yellow, and red.

INDEPENDENCE DAY OF CHAD: 

As mentioned before, Chad obtained independence from France on 11 August 1960, after a long struggle. In 1913, France absorbed the Kingdoms of the Kanem-Bornu, Baguirmi, and also Ouaddai.

These Kingdoms were under the rule of the Sudanese conqueror Rabih al-Zubayr; and after they formed the colony of French Equatorial Africa and a region of Ubangi-Shari. France reinstated the traditional sultanate of the Kanembu dynasty and also established a protectorate over Chad.

The country became a French colony in the 1920s. Due to World War II, Chad became an overseas French territory in 1946. In 1957, France granted Chad some autonomy; and a year later, Chad then became a self-government territory within the French community.

Two years later, Chad gained its full independence under the leadership of Francois Tombalbaye. Moreover, Tombalbaye became Chad’s first president.

During this day, both the government and the citizens celebrate with political assemblies, speeches, and also sports events. Furthermore, the country also organizes parades, music, and also dances.

WHAT TO SEE IN CHAD?

Chad has in-store several natural and cultural beauties for any person to discover. First, the tourists can visit the National Park of Zakouma, the Guelta d’Archei Lake; the Aloba Arc, the Emi Koussi Volcano; the N’Djamena Grand Mosque, the Avenue Charles de Gaulle, the Manda National Park; and the Lake Yoa.

These sites are not all of the surprises that Chad has, the tourist can also visit the Trou au Natron Volcano; the Réserve de Faune de Binder-Léré, the Lac Teli; the Tarso Toussidé volcano, the Island of Snakes, the Bahr Salamat River, the Iro lake, the Bikku Bitti mountain.

MEXICO-CHAD DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS: 

On 25 February 1976, Chad and Mexico established diplomatic relations. At first, their mutual interactions were limited to multilateral forums like the UN.  In March 2002, Chadian Prime Minister Nagoum Yamassoum, then met the Mexican President, Vicente Fox.

In 2013, Mexico welcomed the ratification by Chad of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. Chad’s main exports to Mexico include copper or aluminum metal laminate; modular circuits; photosensitive semiconductor devices, including photovoltaic cells; and also footwear sewing machines.

Ancient Paintings in Tibesti, Chad
Ancient Paintings in Tibesti, Chad

Mexico’s main exports to Chad include polyvalent antivenom serum; washers, valves, or other parts for technical use; screws; keys or pins; gaskets; plugs or caps; refrigeration compression groups; memory units; and also magnetic keys.

Currently, neither of the countries has established a diplomatic mission in their respective capitals. Therefore, Chad’s embassy in the US is concurrent for Mexico; and Mexico’s embassy in Egypt is concurrent for Chad.

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