Vienna, 29 October 2023 (TDI): The 67th regular session of the IAEA General Conference is being held from 25 to 29 September 2023 at the Vienna International Centre (VIC) in Vienna, Austria.

This session marked a significant milestone in the history of the IAEA, bringing together experts, diplomats, and stakeholders from around the world to discuss critical issues pertaining to nuclear energy, security, and non-proliferation.

The conference provided a platform for the exchange of knowledge, ideas, and best practices in the peaceful use of nuclear technology, radiological safety, and nuclear security.

Day 1 Highlights

On the first day of the IAEA’s 67th General Conference, Vilawan Mangklatanakul of Thailand was unanimously chosen to serve as the conference’s president.

US President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s 1953 “Atoms for Peace” speech was mentioned by IAEA Director General Rafael Mariano Grossi in his opening remarks.

Eisenhower’s vision has become an important and active part of the IAEA’s contribution towards international peace and security and the advancement of sustainable development.

Grossi stated, “The IAEA is the operational instrument of this noble cause.”

In the plenary session, 34 delegations took part in the discussion.

Day 2 Highlights

43 delegations made comments at the General Conference’s plenary session.

The two-day conference offers a venue for discussion on the critical role that nuclear energy plays as a dependable means of reducing global warming and achieving net zero emissions. It is open to academics, policy makers, and other specialists.

The event is a continuation of Atoms4NetZero, an initiative that offers technical expertise and scientific evidence to nations and stakeholders.

This includes industry, financial institutions, and international organizations, providing information about the potential of nuclear energy to decarbonize electricity production and hard-to-abate sectors like industry and transportation.

Day 3 Highlights

Sixty-five delegations made comments in the General Conference’s plenary session.

A high-level panel discussed important results and recommendations to help nations and the IAEA during the Scientific Forum: Nuclear Innovations for Net Zero concluding session.

Experts discussed everything from novel reactor designs to cutting-edge supporting technologies including digitalization, robotics, and artificial intelligence over the course of two days and three thorough sessions.

Nuclear Safety and Security

A central focus of the 67th session was the promotion of nuclear safety and security.

Discussions covered a wide range of topics including the enhancement of emergency preparedness and response, strengthening the physical protection of nuclear facilities, and the management of radioactive waste.

Delegates acknowledged the importance of international cooperation in these areas to ensure the safe and secure use of nuclear technologies.

Non-Proliferation and Safeguards

Non-proliferation remained a critical theme of the conference. Participants discussed the challenges posed by nuclear weapons proliferation and reaffirmed their commitment to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).

The session also emphasized the importance of IAEA safeguards in verifying the peaceful use of nuclear materials and technology in member states.

Nuclear Applications for Sustainable Development

The 67th session highlighted the crucial role of nuclear technology in achieving sustainable development goals. Delegates shared success stories of how nuclear applications are contributing to areas such as agriculture, healthcare, and water resource management.

The conference emphasized the need for continued investment in research and development to expand the scope of nuclear applications for the betterment of societies worldwide.

Technical Cooperation and Capacity Building

Technical cooperation and capacity building were recurring themes throughout the conference. Member states emphasized the importance of providing assistance to developing countries in building their nuclear infrastructure and capabilities.

Collaborative efforts in training, knowledge transfer, and technology transfer were highlighted as essential components in achieving a balanced and sustainable global nuclear framework.

Strengthened Commitment to Non-Proliferation

Delegates reaffirmed their commitment to the principles of the NPT, recognizing it as a cornerstone of global efforts to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons.

Member states acknowledged the need for continuous dialogue and cooperation to address emerging proliferation challenges.

Advancements in Nuclear Security

The conference saw the presentation of innovative approaches to nuclear security, including the integration of advanced technologies and the development of robust security protocols.

Member states applauded efforts to enhance the physical protection of nuclear facilities and prevent illicit trafficking of nuclear materials.

Showcasing Sustainable Development through Nuclear Applications

The session provided a platform for countries to showcase their successes in harnessing nuclear technology for sustainable development.

Case studies from various regions demonstrated the positive impact of nuclear applications on agriculture, healthcare, and environmental protection.

Also Read: IAEA to open Nuclear Security Training and Demonstration Centre

Challenges and Areas for Improvement

While the 67th session of the IAEA was marked by significant achievements, several challenges and areas for improvement were identified:

Resource Allocation

Delegates acknowledged the need for member states to allocate sufficient resources to support the IAEA’s mission. More significant investments are required to ensure the effective implementation of nuclear safety, security, and non-proliferation measures.

Addressing Emerging Threats

The conference highlighted the importance of staying ahead of emerging threats in the nuclear domain. Participants stressed the need for continuous research and development to address new challenges, including cyber threats to nuclear infrastructure.

Strengthening International Cooperation

Delegates emphasized the importance of international cooperation in achieving the goals of the IAEA. Closer collaboration between member states, international organizations, and stakeholders is crucial for enhancing nuclear safety, security, and peaceful applications.

Also Read: 67th IAEA Conference spotlights Pakistan’s peaceful nuclear commitment

The 67th session of the IAEA proved to be a pivotal event, bringing together experts and stakeholders to address critical issues in the nuclear domain.

As member states continue to grapple with the challenges and opportunities of nuclear technology, the IAEA remains a vital institution in promoting its peaceful and secure use on the global stage.