HomeNewsDiplomatic News1 September: National Day of Uzbekistan

1 September: National Day of Uzbekistan

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1 September 2021 (TDI): Uzbekistan celebrates its National Day on September 1. Uzbekistan declared its Independence from the Soviet Union on August 31st, 1991. After the declaration of Independence in 1991, Tashkent became the new Capital of the country and it remains so today.

Geographical Location:

Uzbekistan, officially Republic of Uzbekistan, is a country located in Central Asia, covering an area of 447,400 square kilometres. It lies between two major rivers, the Syr Darya to the northeast and the Amu Darya to the southwest. Whereas, neighboring countries include Kazakhstan to the northwest, Kyrgyzstan to the east and Tajikistan to the southeast, Afghanistan to the south, and Turkmenistan to the southwest.

People of Uzbekistan:

The total population of Uzbekistan is 33.47 million. Uzbeks account for more over four-fifths of the population, followed by Tajiks, Kazakhs, Russians, and Karakalpaks. The Uzbek ethnic people speak the language Chagatai (Turki), belonging to the branch of the Turkic language group. About one-seventh of the population residing in Uzbekistan speaks the Russian language. In addition, three-fourth of the population is Muslims, one-tenth of the population is orthodox Christians, remaining people are considered non-religious.

Demographic Trends:

Uzbekistan’s population remains youthful as compared to other parts of Central Asia. Almost half of the population is in the range of 25-54. According to reports, Uzbekistan has high birth rate among Former Soviet Republics. Relatively, the decreased death rate is also a factor in high population numbers.

Atmospheric Conditions:

Uzbekistan has an annual rainfall of only 200mm, but more rain falls in the mountains during the winter and spring. The average temperature in summer is 32 degree Celsius, however, surpasses 40 degree Celsius in areas over deserts. Altogether 600 streams crisscross Uzbekistan. Almost 8% of land in Uzbekistan is covered by Forests, where rodents, bears, foxes, wolves, Siberian goats, antelopes, and boars are found living.

Trade:

Being a landlocked state, Uzbekistan has diverse range of trading partners. The leading exports from Uzbekistan consist of natural resources i.e. cotton, natural gas, coal, oil, silk, and karakul pelts. In addition to raw materials, Uzbekistan does export manufactured goods i.e. machines, cement, textiles, and fertilizers to Russian markets as well as northern markets. Main exports destination includes Switzerland, China, Turkey, and Kazakhstan. The largest sources of imports are China, Russia, South Korea, and Kazakhstan.

National System and Symbols:

In 1992, Uzbekistan adopted a new constitution to replace the Soviet-era constitution that had been in existence since 1978. The name of parliament is “Oliy Majlis.” It consists of Legislative Chamber and Senate. The President is head of state and can be elected for a maximum of two consecutive terms of 7 years. Currently, Shavkat Mirziyoyev is serving as President of Uzbekistan since 2016 and is assisted by Prime Minister, Abdulla Aripov.

National Flag of Uzbekistan:

After declaring independence in 1991, the country went in quest of a new flag design. Over 200 submissions were received, and the new design was launched on November 18, 1991.

A horizontal triband of blue, white, and green is present in the flag of Uzbekistan. The blue stripe represents the sky as well as the water. The white stripe represents purity and peace. Green stripe represents nature and fertility and is also associated with Islam.

In the top left corner, there is a crescent and three rows of twelve stars as well. The crescent represents the “rebirth” of the country as an independent republic. The twelve stars on the flag reflect the months of the Islamic calendar as well as the zodiac constellations.

National Anthem of Uzbekistan: Oʻzbekiston Respublikasining Davlat Madhiyasi

Serquyosh, hur oʻlkam, elga baxt, najot,
Sen oʻzing doʻstlarga yoʻldosh, mehribon – mehribon!
Yashnagay to abad ilmu fan, ijod,
Shuhrating porlasin toki bor jahon!

Oltin bu vodiylar — jon Oʻzbekiston,
Ajdodlar mardona ruhi senga yor!
Ulugʻ xalq qudrati joʻsh urgan zamon,
Olamni mahliyo aylagan diyor!

Bagʻri keng oʻzbekning oʻchmas iymoni,
Erkin, yosh avlodlar senga zoʻr qanot, zoʻr qanot!
Istiqlol mashʼali, tinchlik posboni,
Haqsevar, ona yurt, mangu boʻl obod!

Oltin bu vodiylar — jon Oʻzbekiston,
Ajdodlar mardona ruhi senga yor!
Ulugʻ xalq qudrati joʻsh urgan zamon,
Olamni mahliyo aylagan diyor!

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