New York, 27 April 2020 (TDI): The latest report by the UN titled “The Global Assessment Report (GAR2022)” revealed that 300-350 medium to large scale disasters occurred each year in the last two decades and speculated that the number of upscaling disasters is expected to reach 560 a year or 1.5 a day by 2030.
The human pursuit of social and economic gains is resulting in an increasing number of disasters around the world. Millions of lives are at risk due to human interests in social and economic gains the report said. The report blames these disasters on the risk based on the concept of ‘Optimism, underestimation, and invincibility’. This concept serves as a basis for policy design, finance, and development decisions, enhancing vulnerabilities and putting people in danger.
Upscaling disasters and Global Assessment Report (GAR2022)
A group of experts drafted GAR2022 from around the world as a reflection of the various areas of expertise required to understand and reduce complex risks.
“The world needs to do more to incorporate disaster risk in how we live, build and invest, setting humanity on a spiral of self-destruction,” remarked the UN Deputy Secretary-General, Amina Mohammad.
She emphasized turning collective complacency into action to slow the rate of disasters. She also stressed collaboration efforts on delivering Sustainable Development Goals for everyone, everywhere.
Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction and Head of UNDRR, Mami Mizutori, said that disasters could be prevented if countries invest the time and resources to understand and reduce these risks.
Ms. Mizutori said that GAR2022 is the wake-up call for the countries to accelerate actions across Framework’s four pillars to prevent increasing disasters.
The report on ‘Our World at Risk: Transforming Governance for a Resilient Future’ stated that implementing disaster risk reduction strategies in The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction has reduced the number of casualties from disasters in the last decade. However, the increasing scale of intensity of disasters is increasingly affecting more people in the previous five years.
"We must [be able to] anticipate storms, heatwaves, floods and drought."@antonioguterres calls for action to invest equally in #adaptation and #resilience.
Read the @UN's flagship report on #DRR:
👉 https://t.co/sYUy33gnZS#StopTheSpiral #GAR2022 pic.twitter.com/1g1W2yb7rW
— UNDRR (@UNDRR) April 26, 2022
Disasters disproportionately impact developing countries, spending 1%of their GDP on them. Developed countries spent 0.3% on disasters. Asia-Pacific region loses 1.6% of GDP to disasters every year. Long-term impacts, including lack of insurance to aid recovery efforts, impact disasters. The report states that the insurance coverage rates were sometimes close to zero in the last four decades in developing countries.