Meyerbek Ergashbaev

Since ancient times, our poets, famous as wordsmiths, have taken upon themselves the honorable task of praising the significance of our Motherland and writing works about its glorious history.

The significance of the courage of people who sang the history of their homeland with the greatest love, like Agakhi, who lived their whole lives working for the good of the common people, is undoubtedly as remarkable as the courage of people who died in battles for the sake of their motherland.

One of the greatest people who left an indelible mark on the history of the Khiva Khanate of the 19th century was Agakhi, the son of Muhammad Reza Erniyozbek.

In 1809, the writer, who was born in Kiyat, the village located in Khiva, in the family of a mirab, wrote: “We are the descendants of Amir Eshimbiy, a representative of the “hundred” living in Khiva.”

He was raised in the village of Kiyat and spend there his childhood and adolescence, but when he grew up, he moved to Khiva and studied there in one of the local madrasas.

He diligently studied the literature of the Arab, Persian, and Turkic peoples, as well as classical music and history. Agakhi created a translation school, translating more than 20 works into Uzbek, the works, which are rare masterpieces of world literature and culture.

Agakhi was a renowned historian, talented poet, and translator of the Khorezm region. His life, work, and scientific heritage are still being studied by our historians and writers.

Historical works written by Agakhi and translations into Uzbek are of great importance in the study and coverage of the history of Asia, in particular the peoples of Central Asia.

Continuing the work of his teacher Munis, he enriched and developed the treasury of history and Uzbek literature with new works and made an essential contribution to it.

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The work “Firdavs-ul-Iqbal”, written jointly by Munis and Agakhi, along with his five works on the history of Khorezm, are important not only for studying the history of the Uzbek people but also for studying neighboring peoples, such as Tajiks, Kazakhs, Turkmens, Karakalpaks, Russians, Iranians, and Afghan people, it studies their culture, art, customs, psychology, the origin of these peoples, their sources of livelihood and serves as a rich resource for studying the history of these tribes.

It is noteworthy that these works, due to the fact that they were written by talented poets, progressive writers, Munis, and Agakhi, contain the history of peoples, their lives, daily activities: the construction of mosques, madrasahs, descriptions of various events, popular uprisings, the history of wars, the lives of great people, scientists, poets-writers and similar information, and they are presented in prose and poetry realistically, correctly and accurately.

Ogakhi lived and worked under such Khiva khans as Muhammad-Rakhim-khan I (1806-1825), Ollokuli-khan (1825-1843), Rakhimkuli-khan (1843-1845), Muhammad-Amin-khan (1845-1855), Abdullah Khan (1855-1855), Kutlug Murad Khan (1855-1855), Syed Muhammad Khan (1855-1864) and Muhammad Rahim Khan II (1864-1874).

It is worth noting here that as a person who served eight khans during his lifetime, Agakhi was aware of such issues related to the life of the people, which the rulers did not know about.

In such a large country as the Khiva Khanate, consisting of a mono-ethnic population, the role of such figures as Agakhi was invaluable both in maintaining peace in the public life of people and in carrying out the laborious and responsible task of establishing friendly relations between them.

In his works, he writes in great detail about the life, history, and traditions of these people. Agakhi left such a great legacy that his work is assessed as the work of an author who used a huge stock of vocabulary, second only to Navoi.

Currently, 22 works of the writer, in 72 handwritten copies, are stored in the world funds. His works were first transported by Armeni Vamberi when he arrived in Khiva during the reign of Sayed Muhammad Khan, and in 1873, while transporting 300 rare books from the treasury of A. Kun Khan, the works of Munis and Agakhia were also seized.

The works of Agakhi, which still retain their significance, gaining more and more popularity among our people, are regularly used by scientists as a source and topic for scientific works and still serve as a factor helping to strengthen bonds between peoples and as a reminder of the common historical roots of peoples neighboring in the region.

The writer is the Chief Specialist of the SCO Center for Public Diplomacy in Uzbekistan, an undergraduate student of Tashkent State University of Oriental Studies

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