Baghdad, 3 October 2023 (TDI):  Iraq celebrated its 91st Independence Day on October 3rd, marking the nation’s liberation from British colonial rule in 1932. This public holiday involves the closure of various institutions and markets.

This date was chosen as a neutral day to foster unity in a historically divided nation, serving as a unifying symbol and a source of national pride.

The celebrations on this day include raising the Iraqi flag, elaborate military and civilian parades, speeches by political leaders, captivating cultural performances, and dazzling fireworks displays.

These festivities not only honor Iraq’s hard-won independence but also emphasize the nation’s diverse heritage and the imperative need for unity as it moves forward.

Pakistan extended warm greetings and felicitations to the people and government of Iraq on the occasion of Iraq’s National Day, underscoring the strong bond and goodwill shared between the two nations.


Cultural Diversity

Iraq’s rich cultural heritage has been shaped by its history of diversity, including civilizational, ethnic, religious, sectarian, and linguistic differences.

These complexities have given rise to various forms of creativity in fields such as architecture, literature, music, crafts, medicine, engineering, and astronomy.

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However, these conflicts have also led to the loss of a significant portion of Iraq’s cultural heritage, especially in recent decades.

Contemporary Iraqi literature reflects this diverse civilization, with parallel streams represented by different schools of thought and poets.

The diversity is also evident in Iraq’s musical landscape, blending various musical traditions and genres. In the visual arts, Iraqi artists have historically explored different methods and techniques in painting and sculpture, contributing to the global art scene.

Iraqi theater, with roots dating back to ancient times, addresses a wide range of social concerns and themes, reflecting the aspirations of a population striving for a life free from fear and terror.

Despite challenges faced by cultural pioneers in Iraq, the country has a rich cultural history and is known for its contributions to literature, music, visual arts, and theater.

Its archaeological remnants provide insights into ancient civilizations, and its cultural diversity has contributed to its status as one of the most literate nations in the Arab world.

Iraq’s cultural calendar includes Islamic festivals, Christian holy days, and Kurdish celebrations. The film industry, while less developed than some, has produced notable works addressing the impact of war and conflict on Iraqi society.

Theatre, visual arts, and sports, particularly football, also play important roles in Iraq’s cultural landscape, fostering unity and pride among its people.

National Day of Iraq marks the end of the League of Nations mandate that had been established in 1920 after the First World War and the fall of the Ottoman Empire.

On this day, Iraq became a sovereign nation, and it is an important national holiday in Iraq, celebrated with various events and festivities.